N° 218 / 21.10.2009 / GB
DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE ORIGINAL VALID STANDARD:
UTILIZATION : Companion dog.
CLASSIFICATION F.C.I. : Group : 9 Companion and Toy Dogs.
Section 6 Chihuahueño.
Without working trial.
BRIEF HISTORICAL SUMMARY : The Chihuahua is regarded as the smallest pedigree dog in the world and
carries the name of the largest state of the Mexican Republic (Chihuahua). One assumes that these dogs used to live in the wild and, at
the time of the Toltec civilization, were captured and domesticated by the
natives. Representations of a Toy
dog called « Techichi » which lived in Tula, were used as
decorations on town architecture. These
statues are very similar to the present day Chihuahua.
APPEARANCE : This dog has a compact
body. Of great importance is the
fact that his skull is apple-shaped and that he carries his moderately long tail
very high, either curved or forming the shape of a semicircle with the tip
pointing towards the loin region.
PROPORTIONS : Length of body slightly greater than height at
withers. Desired, however, is an
almost square body, especially in males. In bitches, because of the function of
reproduction, a slightly longer body is permitted.
/ TEMPERAMENT : Quick, alert, lively and very courageous.
: Well rounded apple head (a characteristic of the breed).
Stop : Well marked, deep and broad as the forehead is rounded above
the set-on of muzzle.
Nose : Any colour permitted. Moderately short, pointing slightly upwards.
Muzzle : Short, straight seen from side, broad at set-on, tapering towards the
Lips : Lean and close fitting.
Cheeks : Only slightly developed, very clean.
Jaws/Teeth : Scissor or pincer bite. Overshot,
undershot, as well as any other anomaly in position of upper or lower jaw must
be strictly penalized.
Eyes : Large, roundish in shape, very expressive, not protruding, perfectly
dark. Light eyes permissible, but
Ears : Large, upright, widely open,
broad at set-on, gradually tapering towards their slightly rounded tip.
In repose inclined laterally forming an angle of 45°.
NECK : Upper profile slightly
arched. Medium length. Thicker in dogs than in bitches. Without dewlap. In the
long-haired variety, the presence of a neck-ruff with longer hair is highly
BODY : Compact and well built.
Topline : Level.
Withers : Only slightly marked.
Back : Short and firm.
: Strongly muscled.
Croup : Broad and strong; almost flat
or slightly sloping.
Chest : Ribcage broad and deep, ribs well sprung. Seen from front, roomy but not exaggerated. Seen from side,
reaching to elbows. Not barrel shaped.
and belly : Formed by a clearly tucked up belly.
Slack belly is permitted but not desired.
TAIL : Set on high, flat
in appearance, of moderate length; broad at root, tapering gradually
towards the tip. Tail carriage is an important characteristic of the breed : when
the dog is moving it is carried
either high in a curve or in a semicircle with tip towards the loin region,
which gives balance to the body, it
should never be carried between the hindlegs nor curled below the backline.
The hair on the tail depends on the variety and is in harmony with the body coat.
In the long haired variety, the tail coat forms a plume. Tail is pendant in
repose and forms a slight hook.
FOREQUARTERS : Forelegs straight and of good length; seen from the front, they form a
straight line with the elbows. Seen
from the side, they are upright.
Shoulder : Clean and moderately muscled. Good
angulation between shoulder-blade and upper arm.
Elbow : Firm and fitting close to body which ensures free movement.
(Pastern) : Slightly sloping, strong and flexible.
Forefeet : Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed (neither hare-
nor cat-foot). Nails particularly
well arched and moderately long. Pads
well developed and very elastic. Dewclaws
are not desirable.
HINDQUARTERS : Hindlegs well muscled with long bones, vertical and parallel to each
other with good angulation at hip, knee and hock joints, in harmony with
angulation of forequarters.
Hock : Short with well developed Achilles’ tendons; seen from rear, they
are well apart straight and vertical.
Very small and oval with toes well apart but not splayed (neither hare- nor
cat-foot). Nails particularly well
arched and moderately long. Pads
well developed and very elastic. Dewclaws are not desirable.
/ MOVEMENT : Steps are long, springy,
energetic and active with good reach and drive. Seen from rear, hind legs should move almost parallel to each
other, so that the foot prints of the hind feet fit directly into those of the
front feet. With increasing speed, the limbs show a tendency to converge towards
the centre point of gravity (single track). Movement remains free and springy
without visible effort, head raised and back firm.
SKIN : Smooth and elastic all over
Hair : In this breed there
are two varieties of coat.
: Coat is short, lying close all over body.
If there is an undercoat, the hair is somewhat longer; sparse coat on
throat and belly permissible; slightly longer on neck and tail, short on face
and ears. Coat is glossy and its
texture is soft. Hairless dogs are
: Coat should be fine and silky, smooth or slightly wavy.
Not too thick undercoat desired. Coat
is longer, forming feathering on ears, neck, rear of front and hind legs, on
feet and on tail. Dogs with long
billowing coat will not be accepted.
All colours in all possible shades and combinations are admitted, except
AND WEIGHT : In this breed only the weight is taken into consideration, not the
Ideal weight : between 1.5 and 3 kg.
weighing less than 500 gr and more than 3 kg shall be disqualified.
FAULTS : Any departure from the
foregoing points should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the
fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree.
teeth” (persistence of temporary teeth).
Roach or hollow back (Lordosis or Kyphosis).
Narrow chest, flat ribcage.
Tail : incorrect set-on, short or twisted.
Out at elbow.
Too close behind.
Eyes small, deep set
Under or overshot
DISQUALIFYING FAULTS :
Aggressive or overly
Deer type dogs (dogs with an atypical or extremely stylized
structure: refined head, long neck, slender body, long limbs).
Dogs with an open
Drop ear or short ear.
Extremely long body.
Absence of tail.
In the long- haired variety : Dogs with very
long, fine and billowing coat.
the smooth-haired variety : Bald patch (alopecia).
Subjects weighing less than 500 gr
and more than 3 kg.
dog clearly showing physical or behavioural abnormalities shall be disqualified.
N.B. : Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.